1830 US Census Date: * June 1, 1830 (All reported data is “as of” this official date chosen by the census agency)
1830 Census Duration: * 12 months
1830 US Census Population: * 12,866,020
President During 1830 Census: * Andrew Jackson
24 States participated New States in 1830 census: Missouri Participating territories: Arkansas Territory, Michigan Territory and Florida Territory.
1830 Census Data: 5th United States Census
Of the 12,866,020 people living in the United States in 1830, 2,009,043 were slaves.
It took $379,000, approximately 1,519 enumerators and 214 published reports to complete the 1820 census.
The US population increased by 33.5 percent from the 1820 census to the 1830 census.
Information requested for the 1830 US Census
Name of the head of the family head/ head of household
Number of free white males and females broken down into age categories:
Age 100 and over
Number of slaves and free colored person in six age groups
Number of deaf and dumb
Age 13 and younger
Age 25 years and older
Number of blind
Number of foreigners not naturalized
Records were lost in some counties of Massachusetts, Maryland and Mississippi.
Famous people in history: Brigham Young
Brigham Young, born in 1801 in Vermont, grew into a powerful leader who voraciously spread the word of Mormonism and organized the migration of thousands of believers westward to form a colony in Utah's Salt Lake Valley.
Founder Joseph Smith published the Book of Mormon in 1830 converting Young into an ardent supporter. Young became the president and authority of the Church of Jesus Christ and the Latter-Day Saints in 1847 following Smith's death.
Despite public outcry against the new religion, Brigham Young managed to successfully create a self-sufficient and isolated community that encouraged Mormon beliefs, which included polygamy, as well as massive migration into and development of the Utah Territory. Brigham Young listed in New York for the 1830 Census.
Historical Events Surrounding 1830 US Census
After months of increasing inflation and shrinking credit, the Panic of 1837 begins causing widespread bank failures and unemployment.
July 2, 1839: 57 Africans mutiny aboard the ship La Amistad while en route to Cuba
January 30, 1835: First attempt for assassination of a United States president was made on Andrew Jackson. Luckily for him, Richard Lawrence’s gun misfired.
Baltimore steals 2nd place from Philadelphia in the list of the largest cities in the US. New York City still has the lead as the largest urban area of 1830 with a population of 202,589.